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Command Function

 Command Function
This page is specific to the Visual Basic for Applications (VBA) Language Reference for Office 2010.

Returns the argument portion of the command line used to launch Microsoft Visual Basic or an executable program developed with Visual Basic. The Visual Basic Command function is not available in Microsoft Office applications.

Syntax

Command

Remarks

When Visual Basic is launched from the command line, any portion of the command line that follows /cmd is passed to the program as the command-line argument. In the following example, is passed to the program as the command-line argument. In the following command line example, cmdlineargs represents the argument information returned by the Command function.

 
VB /cmd cmdlineargs

For applications developed with Visual Basic and compiled to an .exe file, Command returns any arguments that appear after the name of the application on the command line. For example:

 
MyApp cmdlineargs

To find how command line arguments can be changed in the user interface of the application you're using, search Help for "command line arguments."

Example

This example uses the Command function to get the command line arguments in a function that returns them in a Variant containing an array. Not available in Microsoft Office.

VBA 
Function GetCommandLine(Optional MaxArgs)
    'Declare variables.
    Dim C, CmdLine, CmdLnLen, InArg, I, NumArgs
    'See if MaxArgs was provided.
    If IsMissing(MaxArgs) Then MaxArgs = 10
    'Make array of the correct size.
    ReDim ArgArray(MaxArgs)
    NumArgs = 0: InArg = False
    'Get command line arguments.
    CmdLine = Command()
    CmdLnLen = Len(CmdLine)
    'Go thru command line one character
    'at a time.
    For I = 1 To CmdLnLen
        C = Mid(CmdLine, I, 1)
        'Test for space or tab.
        If (C <> " " And C <> vbTab) Then
            'Neither space nor tab.
            'Test if already in argument.
            If Not InArg Then
            'New argument begins.
            'Test for too many arguments.
                If NumArgs = MaxArgs Then Exit For
                NumArgs = NumArgs + 1
                InArg = True
            End If
            'Concatenate character to current argument.
            ArgArray(NumArgs) = ArgArray(NumArgs) & C
        Else
            'Found a space or tab.
            'Set InArg flag to False.
            InArg = False
        End If
    Next I
    'Resize array just enough to hold arguments.
    ReDim Preserve ArgArray(NumArgs)
    'Return Array in Function name.
    GetCommandLine = ArgArray()
End Function